During the initial contact with the host on the voice channel, your complete call sign should be used.
contact has been established the call sign may be abbreviated.
Each contact generally comprises four parts as follows:
- The call-up, consisting of the call sign of the person calling, the words "THIS IS", the call sign sign of the caller, and the word "OVER."
- The reply, consisting of the call sign of the person being called, the words "THIS IS", the call sign of the caller, and the word "OVER."
- The Message, is that portion of the contact which conveys information or requests same.
- The Acknowledgement and Ending, consisting of the call sign the word "ROGER" and, if the contact is to be closed, the word "OUT."
Radio contact may be abbreviated by omitting the words "THIS IS", "OVER" and "OUT" during periods of high radio
activity and when no confusion or misunderstanding is liable to occur. When a message is short or when it is
probable that the call-up will be heard without difficulty, the message may be transmitted following the call-up
without waiting for a reply or invitation to go ahead.
Listen before you transmit. Many times you can get the information you want by monitoring the frequency
(the roger wilco IP address). Except for a few situations where some frequency overlap occurs,
If you hear someone else talking, the keying of your transmitter will be futile and you will probably
jam their receivers causing them to repeat their call. If you have just changed frequencies, pause, listen
and make sure the frequency is clear.
Think before keying your transmitter!!! Know what you want to say and if it is lengthy. e.g., a flight plan or position report, jot it down.
Be alert to the sounds or lack of sounds in your receiver. Check your volume, recheck your frequency( Roger wilco IP address)
and make sure that your microphone is not stuck in the transmit position. Frequency blockage can, and has, occurred for
extended periods of time due to unintentional transmitter operation. This type of interference is commonly referred to
as a "stuck mike," and we may refer to it in this manner when attempting to assign an alternate frequency( IP address).
Proper microphone technique is important in radio communication.
Transmissions should be concise and in a normal conversational tone.
Garbled identifications should NEVER be taken for granted but should always be checked.
Keep your contacts as brief as possible .
Procedure Words and Phrases
The following words and phrases should be used where practicable in radio communications:
- ACKNOWLEDGE "Let me know that you have received and understood this message."
- AFFIRMATIVE "Yes."
- CORRECTION "An error has been made in this transmission. The correct version is..."
- GO AHEAD "Proceed with your message."
- HOW DO YOU HEAR ME? Self-explanatory.
- I SAY AGAIN Self-explanatory.
- NEGATIVE "That is not correct."
- OUT "This conversation has ended and no response is expected."
- OVER "My transmission is ended and I expect a response from you."
- READ BACK "Repeat all of the message back to me."
- ROGER "I have received all of your last transmission." (To acknowledge receipt, shall not be used for other purposes.)
- SAY AGAIN Self-explanatory.
- SPEAK SLOWER Self-explanatory.
- STAND BY
"If used by itself means 'I must pause for a few seconds.'
If the pause is longer than a few seconds, or if 'STAND BY' is used to prevent another person from transmitting, it must be followed by the ending 'OUT'."
- THAT IS CORRECT Self-explanatory.
- VERIFY "Check with the originator."
- WORDS TWICE
As a request: "Communication is difficult. Please say every phrase twice."
As information: "Since communication is difficult, every phrase in this message will be spoken twice."
First of all you will receive clearance to start.
Do a checkup of your plane (externally, followed by the internal parts),
if everything is checked you may start your engine.
When you are ready, request clearance to taxi.
Aircraft: "Tower, Tiger11, request taxi to the active remaining close trafic"
Tower: "Tiger11, taxi to the holdingpoint of runway 06"
Aircraft: "taxi to the holdingpoint of runway06, tiger11"
Taxi to the holdingpoint at a maximum speed of 25km/h.
At the holdingpoint:
Aircraft: "Tower, tiger1, number one at the holdingpoint of runway06, ready for departure"
Tower: "Tiger11, cleared for take off (and possibly some instructions)"
Aircraft: "Tiger11, cleared for take off"
In a patternflight you have to report to the tower when entering downwind (mandatory),
in a left hand patern you report: downwind,
in a right hand patern you have to report: right hand downwind.
Aircraft: "Tower, Tiger11, downwind runway06. (or: right hand downwind runway06)"
Tower: "Tiger11, number one, report final"
Aircraft: "Number one , report final, Tiger11"
If ATC asks to "report", you may answer with "Wilco".
Aircraft: "Tower, Tiger11, on final"
Tower: "Tiger1, cleared to land, runway06"
Aircraft: "Cleared for landing, runway06, tiger11"
When the aircraft lands and there are no instructions, it has to take the first available exit, and return to its parking position.
But report when leaving the runway.
Aircraft: "Tiger11, runway vacated"